Health and education are important aspects of development. They belong to the basic needs every development strategy tries to meet. Improving the state of health and the level of education also contributes to the realisation of other developmental objectives such as economic development, labour productivity growth, responsiveness to innovation, and future orientedness. From the perspective of economic development, investments in education and health care can be regarded as investments in human capital. In turn, economic development can contribute to improvements in health and education.
The six tables in this chapter provide information about health-related issues, such as child mortality, life expectancy, morbidity and HIV/AIDS. A seventh table on water supply and sanitation has been has been added here.