The Dynamics of Socio-Economic Development

by Adam Szirmai,  www.dynamicsofdevelopment.com

 

CHAPTER 7: Education and Development

Education is one of the basic human rights and a developmental goal in its own right. Education also contributes to the realisation of other important developmental goals, such as economic growth, changes in attitudes, development of political consciousness and increased social mobility. After World War II, expansion and improvement of education were generally considered as essential to development. Since the 1970s, optimism about the contributions of education has been shaken and more emphasis is given to improving the quality of education. Not all investment in education proved beneficial to development. Resources were often insufficient and the quality of education was disappointing. The chapter presents a survey of important theories and debates about the role of education in development.


The chapter contains seven tables with data on enrolment, literacy and other indicators of educational effort and performance.

List of Tables

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7.1: Gross enrolment ratios by educational level, country and region, 1960-2010

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7.2: Net enrolment ratios by region, 1960-2010

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7.3: Highest diploma obtained (as percentage of 25+ age bracket), 1980-2010

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7.4: Average years of education of the population of 25 years and over, 1950-2010

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7.5: Government expenditure per pupil in selected countries, 1965-2010

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7.6: Government expenditure on education as a percentage of gross national product, 1960-2010

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7.7: Cognitive performance of developing countries in 2009

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7.8: Illiterates as a Percentage of the Population of 15 years and over, 1946-2010

Students, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (Photo: M. Evers)

 

 

copyright 2004: Adam Szirmai - design: Rik Luiten - last update: 03/02/2015